The numerous rules of Formula 1 created by the FIA, have changed drastically since the first Formula 1 Grand Prix in 1950. This article covers the current status of F1 technical and sports standards, as well as the history of technical regulations since 1950.
Some significant changes took place for the 2006 season, the main one being the change of V10 engines from 3 liters to 2.4-liter V8, in an effort by the FIA to reduce the speeds in Formula 1. Another one is the return of tire replacement during the race. The 2008 season marked the end of refueling during the race.
The year 2009 was characterized by a significant change in the cars: Aerodynamics was reduced to 40% compared to 2008, with which the cars changed radically. The rear wing was reduced in size and raised. The forward, on the other hand, was wider than the previous season. This change was due to an attempt to improve the number of overtaking. The cars also remounted the slicks ( slicks ) were not used since 1997.
In 2009 the KERS (regenerative brake) was introduced, which provided 82 extra HP for 6.67 seconds per round. This system was replaced in 2014 by the ERS (energy recovery system), which produces 163 extra HP for 33.3 seconds per shot.
In 2011 Formula 1 introduced the rear spoiler known as DRS (from the English Drag Reduction System ). It is a system that is used to reduce aerodynamic loading of the car and thus increase its speed to facilitate overtaking according to the F1 can only be used in the areas of the circuit allowed.
For the 2018 season the FIA introduced the Halo a piece that goes over the cockpit, with the motive of improving the safety in the cars, this after the accident of Jules Bianchi in the GP of Japan 2014.